Republic of Malaysia | Local Campaigns Resources

July 6, 2008

Indonesia : Nusantara : Siapa Pantas Jadi Presiden ? : Case Study

in reply to : AN INDONESIAN QUESTIONS

IN this era of difficulties, and  the oncoming economic situations, the Honorable Bapak Presiden SBY is the best, due to his backgrounds and experiences in managing large scales military organization.

Flaws in the management of current government, is of several hundreds local parties, that runs the DPR. So,

FOCUS ON WHICH MINISTER TO IMPROVE BETTER GOVERNANCE, HIGH QUALITY LEADERSHIP TO SUPPORT THE PRESIDENT,  and MORE SENSITIVE IN LISTENING TO THE POOR VOICE, is best.

SO.BETTER REVIEW YOUR STANDINGS PAK.MINIMIZE CORRUPTIONS AT LOWER LEVEL OFFICERS !! WHY NOT ?

Proposal By : Ko Yem Binjai : over to you

London : Instead of War, Can any one Citizen Sue Someone In Politic for more than usd1.0 Billion? : Case Study

herein we receive emails, and kindly read our comment below, after the original letter emailed by the sender.

Dear Sir KYB

I write in reference to the article written below, we the public were told in the local TV channels that the assembly that is sponsored by the opposition party lead by the ousted deputy pm who was found guilty over a sex charged  sodomy; the public were told that it is illegal

the ousted man pledge to continue the rally despite of reminders

will he be caught and punished to severe punishment as he is the ring leader, and provoke the public into turmoil and disastrous act, maliciously annoying and affecting psychology of the public?

If is is committed, how long is the country will take action or is it going to be delayed?

Is your government used to this kind of sick element pressuring the psychology ?

can I sue for more than USD1. Billion ?

thank you, we concerned because our children at home Malaysia, we have to travel to make up a living.

by XXX

.

Agence France-Presse – 7/4/2008 8:33 AM GMT

Malaysian opposition to hold protest despite police ban

Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim will lead a major fuel-price protest on Sunday, refusing to cancel the demonstration despite a police ban and fears the authorities will use force.

Anwar, facing new sodomy allegations he says are politically motivated, said however that “in view of the current political atmosphere” they had agreed to shift the rally to a stadium just west of Kuala Lumpur.

“We call on Malaysians who support the movement for a more just and transparent government to join this Sunday’s peaceful gathering. We also call upon Malaysians not to be influenced by outside provocation,” he said…notes.

.

KYB answer :

Dear XX,

1. First of all, He is only the advisor to the party opposing the government

2. We do not what is the meaning of his fights anymore, his name already tarnished since failed 1997 turmoil.

3. He is an ex convict, We do not know, why Malaysian still stupid supporting and listening to him.

If you are not happy, engage the lawyer and sue him for usd100million, as he always do to other people, or 500milion, why not. Make a proper report and sue him.

tq.KYB.1820pmLondon

LINKS : NO. 1

London Confused on 9/11 3rd Tower

9/11 third tower

One of the Twin Towers collapses

The final mystery of 9/11 will soon be solved, according to US experts investigating the collapse of the third tower at the World Trade Center.

The 47-storey third tower, known as Tower Seven, collapsed seven hours after the twin towers.

Investigators are expected to say ordinary fires on several different floors caused the collapse.

Conspiracy theorists have argued that the third tower was brought down in a controlled demolition.

July 5, 2008

ANAK NUSANTARA TOLAK DEMO RELI KL : Tolak Najat

INGATAN ANAK INDONESIA NSNTARA JAUHI DEMO KL : Jakarta No Carpet Merah Kepada Anwar : Anak Nusantara Elak Dukung Reli Najat : SMS London to Jakarta Malaysia. Sebarkan.

Siapa Anwar Najat Amerika Dalang Pengkhianat Bangsa Nusantara ?

Partai PAS ISLAM Kalah di Pulau Pinang Demi Pecah belah kan Melayu PAS ISLAM dan LACUR UNDI ke LIM GUAN ENG

Edited By Ko Yem Binjai +0

Anak Malindo Nusantara Tolak Anwar : Siapa Anwar : Case Study

INGATAN ANAK INDONESIA NSNTARA JAUHI DEMO KL : Jakarta No Carpet Merah Kepada Anwar : Anak Nusantara Elak Dukung Reli Najat : SMS London to Jakarta Malaysia. Sebarkan.

Siapa Anwar Najat Amerika Dalang Pengkhianat Bangsa Nusantara ?

Partai PAS ISLAM Kalah di Pulau Pinang Demi Pecah belah kan Melayu PAS ISLAM dan JUAL UNDI ke LIM GUAN ENG

Edited By Ko Yem Binjai +0

1. Dia Anwar, pada tahun 2007 ber kata di luar Malaysia bahawa Pemerintah Malaysia akan mengadakan PRU pada April 2008

TERBUKTI PAK LAH BUBAR PARLIMEN TERGESA GESA.

TERBUKTI HARI NI UMNO PENANG PECAH BAHAGIAN LAGI. DEMI PECAH MELAYU.

2. Dia, Anwar mengharap 10 MP pembangkang melantik bagi pihak dia, dan satu akan turun darjat MP bagi laluan kepada dia bertanding pilihan raya kecil.

3. President SBY ternyata tidak senang dengan politis Anwar yang tidfak popular di mata pemerintahan Malaysia.

4. Dia berharap untuk menjadi wakil di UN, tapi, besar nyata Rusia dan Perancis akan veto.

5. Dia seorang yang terlalu pro-Amerika, terbukti dengan isu terbaru JULAI 2008, setelah desakan Amerika jangan ganggu Anwar, yakin pengaruh ada dari Al Gore, Madeleine Albright, Richard Holbrooke dan US Democrats yang masih berpengaruh walaupun mereka sudah di luar.

TERBUKTI AMERIKA PAKSA DESAK TABRAK MALAYSIA TIDAK GANGGU ANWAR

6. Dia pernah di tawar kan bekerja di Australia dan Amerika.

7. Dia pernah mengaitkan dirinya dengan Wolfowitz, dan bergambar bersama dan gambar itu di sebar ke serata kampung, demi mengatakan dia bukan pro-yahudi, tetapi jelas sebenarnya, Wolfowitzlangsungtidak seperti itu, malah lebih anti-Semitism.

8. Dia, walaupun kenal dengan Wolfowitz yang tua itu, tapi seringkali bertentangan pendapat dan kurang hormat kepada orang tua, walaupun kekadang isu yang terkait itu tidak terkait langsung dengan apa apa pun.

9. Dia pernah di Pemerintahan dulu dan sangat bertantangan dengan partai pembangkang tetapi, kini mengendarai partai pembangkang.

10. Dia yakin PAS dan Pulau Pinang yang terbukti di menangi oleh DAP, akan di politik kan agar Melayu Islam PAS mengundi DAP yang di kepalai oleh LIM GUAN ENG. Justeru Dia akan bertegar keras untuk menjadi kan penyokong PAS Islam masuk ke kandang LIM GUAN ENG – DAP.

TERBUKTI DAP lacur PAS ISLAM PENANG OLEH MR…..DEMI…..Beri Laluan Kepada Pengkhianat Bangsa.

+0

Ref : Source :

TERKINI : ANAK KRAKATAU DAN GUNUNG AGUNG SUDAH MULA BERAKSI. BUANG NAJAT !!

Anwar What to Face | Blogged

Malaysia : Saturday : Komentar Umum 911 : EXPOSED : ANWAR : RappNotes day 17/60 London CrossFires

+4 posting on ;

DEWA PELACURAN BANGSA NUSANTARA : GODDESS OF  PROSTITUTION ORIGIN : THE ReINCARNATION OF NAJAT

Betapa Anwar Permainkan Bangsa Nusantara lewat Satan Amerika, Betapa Pak Lah Melepaskan Najat dan Hadhari, Betapa Lembek nya Lempeng Nusantara. Narkoba, Minyak, Sex, Korupsi, Rakus Kuasa, Bohong, Tipu, Fitnah. PELACURAN BANGSA

RappsNotes day 17/60 +4 for +9 +8 -1

#1

dr zackiey Says : source :

July 5, 2008 at 10:35 am

lagi banyak sandiwara di pasaran. akuan bersumpah sudah dijadikan mainan dan sistem perundangan kita sudah dijadikan bahan lawak murahan.

hari ini cakap ya, besok cakap tidak, mungkin lepas ini akan ya kembali…

tentu ada yang tidak kena di mana2, tapi sebahagian besar rakyat menjadi mangsa kekeliruan yg sengaja di cipta oleh mereka yg mempunyai pelbagai agenda.

pokok persoalan disini, apakah para pemimpin yg ada sekarang telah kehilangan fokus atau hanya mementingkan diri sendiri sehingga lupa penderitaan marhaen yg sedang dihimpit pelbagai masalah.

sekiranya politik dijadikan agenda, pelbagai lakonan dan sandiwara dipentaskan apakah segala kemelut yg sdg dihadapi boleh dirungkai?.

takkan perut yg kosong boleh diisi dg pelbagai cerita penglipur lara?

telah tiba masanya kita tolak kesemua mereka2 ini dan mulakan kembali landasan yg betul bagi menangani krisis ekonomi negara.

kita takut nanti akan ditelan oleh lingkaran kemusnahan sbg mana yg berlaku dipelbagai negara yg pernah berjaya sebelum ini.

kepimpinan yg berkualiti sepatutnya bukan mendahulukan agenda peribadi tetapi mestilah melihat isu semasa dan bersatu menanganinya tanpa mengira l/belakang.

tak perlu berebut kuasa pada ketika ini, kerana sekiranya negara musnah…apa gunanya lagi kuasa.

memang semakin jelas, apa sahaja yg dipentaskan kini tidak lebih adalah natijah ketamakkan kuasa.

#2.

My open letter to Anwar Ibrahim

Dear Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim,

I have been taught that before saying something bad, or criticising a person, first have something good to say. So I have this to say to you. I feel that I am on your side of the battle. I don’t admit to be your biggest fan, nor do I admit to even being a fan of yours, because in my world, I don’t believe in being a fan of individual politicians. But I am a fan of the ideals that you have presented to us. I believe in having a more accountable government in Malaysia. I believe that the current system has gone to the dogs. And I believe that drastic measures have to be taken in order to change this.

Currently, you are waging war, head-on, with the people from Barisan Nasional. You are waging war with the powers-that-be. And because of this, perhaps you have your reasons to be careful with what you reveal, and at what times to do that.

But I ask of you to take a step back from this political war, and look at Malaysia. Look at what has become of her. Don’t just look at how frustrated the people are with the rising prices, and their increasing inability to make a living. Don’t just look at how inept the police force is, how unaccountable the government is, or how shady the judiciary is, though important as they are.

Look, for a moment, at how lost we are. How divided we are.

In the past week or so, there have been allegations after allegations, denials after denials, reports after reports, SDs after SDs. One to cross out the other. One to counter the other. One to discredit the other. But where does that leave us? Us Malaysians? In the dust.

Some people don’t know who to believe anymore. Some have decided to stand firmer on the ground they originally stood on. And supporters from either ends are starting, in my view, to behave in a manner I only know to be atrocious. Name-calling, mud-slinging, conspiracy theories. Malaysians seem to hate each other even more now.

With the most recent developments, especially the first SD revealed by P.Balasubramaniam on the Altantuya murder case, this has become not only about Malaysia anymore. Altantuya may not be here anymore, but her father still is. Her children still are. And they are still waiting for justice to be done.

You have said that there will be more evidence to come. Evidence on the Altantuya case. If you do, I make a request to your conscience to not make it any more political than it already is. For almost 2 years, Mr Shariibuu and his family have waited patiently for a just trial over the brutal murder of his child. If you believe that the larger picture is more important than self, then should it not be that justice should be done before you think of your political career?

And what of the three people currently under detention over the murder case? As someone who has been in prison before, I’m sure you can understand what it is like to be in there. And if there is more evidence that can bring some light into the proceedings of the court case, surely that is important too?

If indeed you have evidence, I call that you release them. I am no politician, so I don’t know what reasons you may have. But I find your reasoning in the Press Conference dated 3 July 2008, likening this to that of a “series of bollywood drama” unacceptable. To see your opponents squirm is one thing, but not on the expense of having the innocent (I refer to the family of Altantuya) suffer for an extra day.

I did not write to offend you, or any other persons. My intentions stem purely from wanting the best for Malaysia.

May justice prevail. And may Malaysia stand strong.

Yours truly,
Michelle

#3 Finally.

www.chedet.com

<

addups by +4

* SUSAN LOONE’s blog *
Anwar Ibrahim to be arrested in 48 hours!?
Posted in ALTANTUYA SHARIIBUU, ELECTIONS GENERAL, HEADS UP!, MALAYSIAN MADNESS, MEDIA, NEWS, OPPOSITION POLITICS, POLICE, POLITICAL by sloone on July 3rd, 2008

Malaysian police will ask the army to help keep civil order if the country’s security is at risk.

“It is crucial, and the right time, for the (two forces) to organise and plan strategies to carry out duties in maintaining public order,” said Police chief Musa Hassan.

Asked if this meant the army would be deployed to quell street protests, Musa told reporters this would only be so if absolutely necessary and an emergency had to be declared (Reuters).

Aliran also asked: Army to maintain law and order in Malaysia?

Stay tuned! But says the Good Doctor (not Mahathir Mohammad):

The Army and Police is preparing for the worst. I am glad that they are doing the necessary preparation. Malaysia cannot afford any chaos now. From where I stand, I see Selangor will be the centre of the chaos and there is fire coming in from the North and from the East. As long as martial law is not declared any legal and fair action by the police and army is welcomed. Martial law is not going to be good for Malaysia.

Read more @ Dr. Raffick Khan’s rights2write.

Possibly related posts: (automatically generated)

* Doesn’t Mahathir read what I write?
* Saya Zalim Anwar Video: Dr. Mahathir Admits Arresting Anwar Ibrahim Without…

« Najib introduced Altantuya to Baginda!!!???
Go on leave, Kit Siang tells Najib »
77 Responses to ‘Anwar Ibrahim to be arrested in 48 hours!?’

Subscribe to comments with RSS or TrackBack to ‘Anwar Ibrahim to be arrested in 48 hours!?’.

1.
Spawn said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 12:30 pm

WHY???!!! Why him???
Why not Najib, Rosmah, Musa Hasan and Gani Pattail??
2.
MalaysiaScrewedUp said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 12:51 pm

If Anwar to be arrested …. to be fair Najip, Rasmah, M Hasan and Gani P…. need to be arrested for investigation. All these allegations are serious ….. but i think the C4 is indeed more evil.

god bless malaysia
3.
menyalak-er said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 12:53 pm

Because the whole Be-eNd govt. is a huge evil conspracy. Has been, since Machiavellian Mamak days. No right-minded human would touch DSAI now, but who says that rabid dogs have any discernment and clarity. They, would arrest their own mothers, to spite their fathers! Truly one whole f’ed piece of shit, including that sodomee guy – Saif-ool, who’s now seriously constipated. Pity Alzheimer Dollah, now anal besides being already bladder incontinent – Level 4 guys desperately asking for adult pampers. Donate please!
4.
what said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 12:57 pm

say what????
5.
Muhammad Firdaus Christopher said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 12:59 pm

Hi Susan,

I read with great concern & dismay that they are planning to nab Datuk Seri Anwar. How reliable is your source ?

Best Regards.
6.
AAB said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 1:18 pm

Why not arrest the criminals who have killed the poor woman? Why not arrest the criminals who have been fabricating evidence for one decade? Why arrest Anwar? You can only take statements from him and do your investigation and then the next step follows. Do they think we are for shock treatment or what? Fear has left us long time ago.
7.
Song said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 1:26 pm

Where is justice in this Msia? Why is the biasedness so OBVIOUS,blatant and outright unjust! Who has given instruction to the police-in-charge of making the arrest? Who can provide answers?!!!?! damnit.
8.
Joshua said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 1:27 pm

May God bless and keep Anwar from evil men.

Amin.
9.
malayamuda said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 1:32 pm

If Anwar is arrested today ! The Rakyat will rise !
10.
Savar said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 1:33 pm

25.2 Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak informed Abdul Razak Baginda that he had a sexual relationship with Aminah and that she was susceptible to anal intercourse.
http://elizabethwong.wordpress.com/2008/07/03/stat-dec-najib-knew-altantuya-dinner-in-paris/

Did Najib also do Saiful?
11.
kittykat46 said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 1:33 pm

Not over the stale Soto Mee ?
I don’t know anybody who believes that story, and I’m not just tallking about Opposition fans.
Another kangaroo court trial will send BN/UMNO into oblivion.
12.
caravanserai said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 1:35 pm

The state of emergency is brewing
The running on the streets will be coming
Anwar the peoples’ man……………
What the police thinking?

There is no proof yet
The backdoor business still opens
A police report and its investigation
The accused must need to tell his story

Go get his statement
Don’t just nab the person
There is no reason as yet
I hope they don’t give another black eye!

The case of murder
The named persons walking free
SD filed naming UMNO prominent leader
The police should act on it……..

Then on IGP and AG
They shouldn’t be walking free
They should be suspended from duty
Until they clear their names……

Do it fairly
Otherwise state of emergency brewing
AAB camp is waiting……….
The chess game becoming interesting
13.
halim said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 1:53 pm

shit. i smell big trouble coming soon.
14.
anti kj said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:00 pm

this time round , the najib couple may hide inside the zimbawe embassy , first lady in waiting turn into ” prisoner in waiting “.
15.
ghenjis khan said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:01 pm

Dear Ms Sloone,

Let everybody knows, that His Highness Yang DiPertuan Agong has now the RIGHT and duty to ask for the DISMISSAL of the Dishonourable Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia.

Prof Aziz Bari and Prof Shad Faruqi go check your silly books on Constitutional Law !

The Yang DiPertuan Agong as the “Khalifah, Amir” of the Community of Malaysians must exercise his spiritual rights that he no longer requires the services of Encik Najib Abdul Razak.

Beta amat murka.
16.
anonymous said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:19 pm

May there be peace in Malaysia…
17.
Savar said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:20 pm

On the day Razak Baginda was formally charged November 16 for abetment of the Mongolian woman’s murder, the accused’s wife was reported to have exclaimed that her husband has been framed, and made an outburst in the court compound, that:

“He is a good man. He is not the Prime Minister of this country. He doesn’t want to be one.

“He is not interested in all that.”

http://www.jeffooi.com/2006/11/feeding_the_media.php
18.
Anonymous said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:26 pm

May the good God bless and keep our country Malaysia and the righteous leaders. Only the truth can set u free
19.
Fed-up said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:33 pm

Has it occurred to us that there may be SOME TRUTH in what all these politicians are accusing each other of. Mahathir, Anwar, Najib, and sleepy-head himself. What a disaster all of them are, and a disgrace to Malaysia, too. Time for them ALL to step aside, lest their unbounded ambitions to be Prime Minister DESTROY this country, and let a WOMAN take over. Apart from the Fat Lady (well, come to think of it, the TWO Fat Ladies), none of the others are caught in any of the sort of strike and counter-strike politics that the MALE politicians have found themselves in. And, one last thing. I am a MAN, and I am terribly embarrassed by all these MALE Malaysian politicians. Time to give the Women a chance to take the helm, and show us how to run things properly.
20.
Anwar: Najib Had Sex With Altantuya, Had Her Murdered To Shut Her Up! « BUUUUURRRRNING HOT said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:37 pm

[…] And in response to this nuclear-bomb revelation, Susan conjectures that Anwar Ibrahim to be arrested in 48 hours!. […]
21.
JeyS said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:41 pm

Well…..chaos and ruckus will start in Malaysia if this is indeed the truth.

They should get their act right la! All these jokers are totally and mentality crazy with power, greed and more power and greed!

Funny AAB is quiet ah. Is he sleeping and no one woke him?

As for the Najib/Rosmah thingy….Thou protest so much! Tsk tsk tsk tsk……
22.
JeyS said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:44 pm

FED UP ….well said but what makes you think that the “female’ in power won’t turn like the “male’ in power?

So far all the female politicians (UMNOies) are no better than the Male counterparts.

Sad Sad Sad…..
23.
iris oh said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:47 pm

Are my eyes playing tricks on me??? Have you go some insider info? Why arrest Anwar of all people? Never mind, I believe in Karma. We shall see .. there will be retribution but I hope PR supporters will not react irrationally and end up losing everything they have strived so hard for. A just and clean government above all.
24.
enrichco said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:49 pm

yeah… may malaysia be a democratic country.
25.
John Q said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:55 pm

Mogolia’s little dragon maiden turned najis family upside down. Good, she had bestowed Genghis Khan’s spirit to conquer the world.

The Michelin’s mascot now doesn’t need machine to shake off her fat, she is shivering cold sweat now even in 100 degree celsius hot suanna room.

We gonna have a first pm son that hang ITself up in shame.
26.
Messy Christian (2.0) | Malaysia is upside down, inside out said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 2:56 pm

[…] Now there are talks about a possible state of emergency in Malaysia, and then rumours of Anwar’s possible arrest. […]
27.

Fed-up said, on July 3rd, 2008 at 3:03 pm

JeyS, it took 50 years of MALE leadership in Malaysian to degenerate to the ludicrous stage these UMNO (present and ex) politicians now find themselves in. Perhaps, as you suggest, the UMNO women are no better, but at least it will take them a few decades to degenerate to the level the men folk have, and before that happens, we will at least be able to hold our heads up reasonably high in the world. Now? When outsiders think of Malaysia, do you think they sing in their heads “Malaysia, Truly Asia?” Hell, no! It is C4, Sodomy, The Fourth Floor, Sleepy Head, Kris-Waving, and an entire parliament full of shouting, yelling, snarling politicos calling themselves “Kurang Ajar!” Yes, indeed, “Malaysia, Truly Asia!” The rest of Asia, even for that matter the North Koreans, I can tell you, apart of course from those mad-generals in Burma, are doing much better then we are, thank you. Ordinary Malaysians have simply got to tell these clowns who call themselves our political leaders, enough is enough. They ALL need to get out, and “balik kampung” and relearn the true values of being Malay, the values embodied in the Mak and Pak Ciks you wil find in the kampungs. Not, the Datuk Seris, Tan Seris, Tuns, and what have you who inhabit the Starbucks and Five-Star Hotels of our cities.

end.

<

Malaysia Saturday : AUTHORITY 911 : EXPOSED : You still talk on Sodomy and Altantuya ? Anwar’s GONE. This is not about Najib.

Can a Citizen Dismiss a Leader ?

Why some Leaders are not connected to each other, but so loud ? Who supported them ?

Can a Parliament or Back Bencher Group dismiss MP who is big mouth and rude ?

Can a Leader step down on own free will-ingness, now ?

Can a King call for urgent meeting with Chief of all religion addressing culture, drugs, sex, crime, speculators, human trafficking ?

Can the IGP checkings on lavish living style, big cars, during this trouble period ?

Can foreign embassies review their oath to surrender the culprits ?

Can Anwar leave? and drags off all culprits BN and PR ?

Can Pak Lah leave amidst this lackasidle period ?

Why Pak Lah don’t take action ?

Who is being interrogated ?

Siapa menanggok di air keroh, every time Malaysia in trouble ?

Hey, who said about Flying Pigs ? How he knows ?

Is the second home Malaysia program filled with human or evil ?

Why foreigners stay in Malaysia, appointed as local company director, but do nothing,  travel off on Malaysia throughout this region, and only sleep in Malaysia ? Hiding from What ?

Malaysia like this lifestyle ?

sincerely, a proposal.

+8.coconut tree.

//thanks -1.

Malaysia Saturday : IMMIGRATION 911 : EXPOSED :

3 Passports for Each Politician Proposal

1. When he/she travels alone

2. When he/she travels with the family

3. When he/she travels on Official Government matter

Can you trace the past records?

+9.chocolate cake.

because we got information : some Morron Puppet is too-bad got into Jari KelingKING business.

expose is when we have solid evidence. goodluck guys. days are numbered.

Malaysia Saturday : DRUGS 911 : EXPOSED : oil? or drugs? Bye Bye Jari KelingKING

EXTRACT

With drug use rising rapidly in the early 80’s, the Government of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad identified ”dadah” – the Malay word for drugs – as a threat to national security on a par with Communism and as a major incitement to violence. Whipping for Smaller Amounts : By STEVEN ERLANGER, SPECIAL TO THE NEW YORK TIMES : Published: December 15, 1989..

.posted by +9, days on warzone 17/60

Who challenge Backbencher to remove ? from MPs

Who dreams the same Flying Carpets, Flying Pigs ?

Who declares the War First ?

Why Sodomy Diverted You ?

Who was in Singapore ?

Salary twice, Salary Once ?

To All Imam, Pendita, Sami, Kepala Adat Agama sampaikan Mesej Kepada yang perlu.

REFERENCE : http://www.druglibrary.org/SCHAFFER/GOVPUBS/amhab/amhabc3.htm

.

  • America’s Habit

  • Drug Abuse, Drug Trafficking, & Organized Crime

  • President’s Commission on Organized Crime, 1986

Chapter III Part 1: Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime

Introduction

Drug trafficking is the most widespread and lucrative organized crime operation in the United States, accounting for nearly 40 percent of this country’s organized crime activity and generating an annual income estimated to be as high as $110 billion. Large trafficking organizations dominate the illicit drug market. These groups include the “families” of America’s La Cosa Nostra, as well as an array of more recently identified crime groups such as the Sicilian “Mafia,” outlaw motorcycle gangs and groups based in the Nigerian and Colombian communities. While La Cosa Nostra has historically been involved in narcotics trafficking, newer organizations, in many ways quite different from La Cosa Nostra, now play a major role in the drug trade. Generally, these newer groups develop solely around drug trafficking operations and are activity-specific, dependent only on drug-related criminal activity for income. They tend to be more fluidly organized than La Cosa Nostra, and are not as self-contained but are marked by a degree of violence and corruption unsurpassed by any other criminal activity.

Organized crime groups involved in drug trafficking, however, share a central feature with other organized crime groups in that they consist of a core criminal group and a specialized criminal support designed to facilitate illicit activity. This “core/support” configuration is one this Commission has found to be common to all organized crime groups today.

Cocaine Trafficking

America’s cocaine supply at present originates exclusively in South America. Coca is cultivated principally in Peru, Bolivia, Colombia and Ecuador, and conversion laboratories have been located in Colombia, Brazil and Venezuela. Other South American and Caribbean countries serve as transshipment sites. All phases of the cocaine trade, including cultivation, processing and distribution have expanded since 1984, and the industry shows no signs of diminishing despite the fact that cocaine supply already exceeds consumer demand.

Control of the cocaine industry has traditionally been maintained by a cartel of Colombian traffickers. Colombian groups are the largest, wealthiest, most sophisticated organizations trafficking in cocaine. A key to their domination of the market has been their control of the processing laboratories used to convert coca grown traditionally in Bolivia and Peru. Export of the drug to the United States has also been handled almost exclusively by Colombian trafficking organizations. While Colombians currently control an estimated 75 percent of the cocaine distributed to the United States, their domination has been lessened recently both by the Colombian government’s imposition of severe restrictions on the importation of chemicals essential to cocaine processing and by the destruction of cocaine processing sites throughout Colombia by government authorities. In 1984 three major Colombian conversion laboratories were discovered and destroyed: at Tranquilandia, the largest facility, ten metric tons of cocaine and 10,000 barrels of processing chemicals were seized. In total, Colombian authorities confiscated 16 metric tons of cocaine in 1984, a 600 percent increase from the 2.5 metric tons seized in the previous year. The pressures on cocaine traffickers were compounded in that year by the Colombian government’s decision to extradite drug traffickers to the United States, and by the subsequent issuance of warrants for the arrest of several major traffickers.

Intensified Colombian law enforcement measures have had significant impact on trafficking operations. The initiatives have prompted many traffickers to seek refuge in other South American countries, and in some cases to relocate their processing laboratories. These incidents have resulted in a geographic dispersal of cocaine processing and export activities, most notably to Bolivia and Peru. While it appeared initially that activity in these countries was sponsored and overseen by Colombian traffickers, increasing evidence suggests that groups in both countries are becoming self-sufficient. Such developments, however, remain an exception to the prevailing Colombian dominance.

Despite the spread of cocaine activity through South America, Colombian groups have left little room in the cocaine trade for small-scale smugglers. While some independent operators and smaller smuggling groups occasionally work independently of the Colombian cartel, most are tied to the larger organization in at least a contractor relationship.

The Colombian Connection: Origins

The Colombian involvement in U.S. cocaine trafficking can be traced to the influx of Cuban citizens to South Florida after the Castro Revolution in the early 1960’s. Some of the Cuban-settled communities became bases for the continuation of established Cuban organized crime networks known as the “Cuban Mafia.” The Cuban Mafia had been a major distributor of the cocaine in Cuba, where the drug has long been accepted as a social luxury, and thus had existing connections with South American cocaine trafficking organizations. At first, the Florida Cuban Mafia factions imported only enough cocaine to satisfy members of their own community, but by the mid-1960’s, they began to import greater quantities of the drug in an effort to expand distribution and increase profit. By 1965 Colombians supplied nearly 100 percent of the cocaine moving through the Cuban networks. Colombians refined the drug and Cubans trafficked and distributed it in the United States. The system worked for a time, but the Colombians increasingly desired control of the entire operation. Through the late 1960’s and early 1970’s they became more involved in cocaine production, and increased their trafficking role. By 1978 Colombian traffickers had cut all ties with the Cubans and assumed the dominant role they now play in supplying cocaine to the American market.

Colombian groups have continued to control the U.S. cocaine market through the 1980’s for a number of reasons. Geographically, Colombia is well-positioned both to receive coca from Peru and Bolivia and to export the processed drug to the United States either by air or by sea. In addition, the country’s vast central forests effectively conceal clandestine processing laboratories and air strips, which facilitate the traffic. Perhaps most importantly, the Colombians have a momentum by benefit of their early involvement in the cocaine trade. They have evolved from small, disassociated groups into compartmentalized organizations and are sophisticated and systematized in their approach to trafficking cocaine in the United States. Further, groups in the Colombian population in the U.S. provide traffickers access to this country and often serves as a distribution network for Colombian cocaine.

The Colombian Organization

The major Colombian trafficking organizations are structured to control each intermediate step required in processing and exporting cocaine. Like traditional organized crime groups, they are built of interdependent and essential component “divisions,” each with a specialized area of responsibility. Different members act as laborers, processors, transporters, financiers and enforcers. In addition, organizations generally supplement their regular membership with criminal support of affiliates who perform services on a fee basis. Few members of any organizational division are aware of the others involved in the enterprise, and trafficking bosses are well-insulated and protected by their organizations.

Organization laborers and processors prepare cocaine for U.S. consumption. Most laborers in the cultivation phase are Peruvian or Bolivian peasants who cultivate and harvest coca in remote areas of the Eastern Andes, then process the coca leaves to base in nearby villages. The growers are allied in small, independent groups, but are typically financed, overseen, and protected by members of a larger Colombian organization.

Processed coca base is usually flown on light aircraft from the mountain villages to Colombian processing facilities by those members of the Colombian organization responsible for transportation. The planes land at clandestine airstrips, often simple mud runways, located near the processing laboratories. The laboratories vary widely in size, ranging from crude small-quantity operations to large, sophisticated complexes, and can be found both in Colombia’s jungle and urban areas.

Coca base is typically processed to cocaine hydrochloride in the laboratories, then bagged and taped into kilogram packages, which are sometimes coded to indicate a particular United States destination. The packages are loaded into duffle bags or burlap sacks, then moved by the transportation group to a “stash house,” a storage facility usually located near a seaport or a clandestine airstrip. The cocaine is held at the stash house until it is exported from Colombia.

Colombian trafficking organizations currently export an estimated 62 percent of the cocaine they process on private aircraft. The remaining 38 percent is shipped on ocean vessels or smuggled on commercial air carriers. Most shipments are smuggled out of Colombia from the country’s northern coastal region, the Guajira peninsula. Principal smuggling centers include the cities of Santa Marta, Barranquilla, Cartagena, and Medellin. In addition, a significant percentage of processed cocaine leaves Colombia from airstrips located near larger processing facilities in the jungles.

Typically, Colombian organizations oversee each cocaine shipment from cultivation through wholesale transactions in the United States. Retail and street-level sales are handled by a variety of smaller groups and individuals in this country.

The money generated by the wholesale cocaine transaction is maintained for the organization by financial experts familiar with international banking, who are responsible for laundering, banking and investing drug profits, and for assuring that a portion of the drug profit is returned to Colombia for reinvestment in the organization’s cocaine enterprise. The cartel’s own financial experts are supported by a complement of bankers, lawyers and other professionals in the United States, who play a crucial role in facilitating these transactions.

Colombian trafficking organizations, like other organized crime groups, rely on “enforcement” through violence and intimidation to protect their inventory and profits. “Enforcement” occurs both in Colombia and in the United States and includes the collection of debts owed to the organization and the elimination of interference from competitors, informants and law enforcement officials.

Pilots: The American Affiliates

Cocaine is ordinarily smuggled from South America to the United States for major trafficking organizations by American citizens acting as mercenary pilots. Recruits include ex-military, commercial and private pilots, and in some cases, unlicensed aviators. The speed, mobility and evasive capabilities of air transport have made it the preferred node of shipment among Colombian traffickers, and many have built airstrips either near their processing centers or along the coastlines to permit the fast direct export of cocaine. On Colombia’s north coast alone, over 150 clandestine landing strips and three international airports facilitate smuggling activities.

Individual pilots are generally responsible for purchasing or leasing transportation vehicles and hiring flight crews. Obtaining a plane for purchase seldom presents any difficulty, since many aircraft are regularly advertised for sale in a number of trade periodicals. One popular journal, Trade-a-Plane, is published three times each month and advertises thousands of aircraft available for sale in each issue. Planes are also available for purchase at numerous government auctions of seized properties. These events often allow traffickers to repurchase aircraft, which they were previously forced to forfeit.

Because traffickers attempt to ship the largest possible quantities of cocaine to the widest range of destinations in the United States, the aircraft selected for smuggling generally represent the optimum balance between range and cargo capacity. The most popular of these are conventional light twin engine planes, such as the Piper Aztec, Piper Navajo and the Cessna 400 series. Most such planes can transport about a ton of cocaine over a range of about 1,800 miles and can stay airborne for 11 and one hours with standard fuel systems. Larger airplanes such as DC-3 aircraft are common on shuttle flights between the United States and various transshipment points; the fastest aircraft are always preferred when available.

To maximize range and capability, smuggling planes are often outfitted with auxiliary fuel systems. These auxiliary systems may be attached to the outside body of the aircraft or the wing, but must be inspected and approved by the Federal Aviation Administration each time the outfitted aircraft prepares for flight. A favored auxiliary system for cocaine traffickers is the collapsible rubber fuel “bladder,” which may be placed in the plane’s fuselage, and simply folded up or thrown away after the fuel contained within is used. The space occupied by the bladder on the trip to Colombia can be utilized for cocaine transport on the return journey. Bladders are, under all circumstances, prohibited by Federal law.

Although the legitimate need for auxiliary fuel systems is very limited, the systems are well-advertised and readily available. One trafficker told the Commission he purchased bladders and other long-range fuel systems regularly, always paying the seller with “suitcases full of cash.” He claims his cash was never questioned or refused.

Traffic From Colombia to the United States: The Hydra’s Head

Smugglers use a vast number of both air and sea trafficking routes to transport cocaine from South America to the United States. The most commonly travelled routes are through the Windward Passage between Cuba and Haiti, through the Yucatan Channel between Mexico and Cuba, and through the Mona Passage, bordered by the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico.

Traditionally, 90 percent of the cocaine shipped by these routes has entered the United States at points along the Florida coast; traffickers now, however, more frequently deliver shipments to all the States along the Gulf Coast and elsewhere throughout this country. Cocaine traffic also now runs directly from Colombia’s west coast to California and other western states. These shifts are perceived as a response by traffickers to increased law enforcement pressure in South Florida, specifically to the intensified efforts of the South Florida/Caribbean Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force. The theme is a common one: as law enforcement closes off one point of entry to drug traffickers, traffickers develop many new points of entry as replacements.

Air Shipment

Nearly two-thirds of the cocaine exported from South America to the United State is transported by general aviation aircraft. Planes of all sizes, ranging from small turbo-prop craft to large C-123 cargo transport planes, are used for drug shipment. Small aircraft, which cannot carry adequate fuel to allow direct flight from Colombia to the United States, must refuel at transshipment points between the two countries. These contact points are indispensable, and are located throughout Central America, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, the Bahamas and Puerto Rico. Transshipment points may be simply refueling stations, or may be bases or stations equipped to allow cocaine off-loading and repackaging. From the transshipment points, cocaine is generally ferried to the United States by small planes or boats.

Mexico has gained popularity as a transshipment point since 1980. Although coca cultivation has not been observed in Mexico, an estimated 10 to 20 percent of the cocaine exported to the United States currently transits that country. Three Mexican transshipment patterns are typical. First, Mexican traffickers obtain cocaine in South America, transport it to Mexico, then traffic the drug overland into the United States. Second, Colombian or American couriers travel by commercial aircraft from South America to Mexico, then cross the border into this country. Finally, Colombian or North American traffickers use Mexico’s numerous clandestine airstrips, especially in Yucatan, for refueling and for loading purposes; the smuggling plane in use may continue directly into the United States, or the shipment may be broken into smaller loads, then trafficked overland by Mexican organizations. The majority of cocaine shipped through Mexico is transported to the United States by car, truck or bus, but a significant amount is smuggled aboard small aircraft. The Mexican groups, formerly limited primarily to trafficking heroin and marijuana, have eagerly expanded their role as middlemen between Colombian traffickers and American consumers.

Maritime Shipment

An estimated 18 percent (15 tons in 1984) of the cocaine trafficked into the United States is exported from South America by sea vessel. All types of ships are used for smuggling, from small high-speed cigarette boats to large commercial cargo carriers. Colombians dominate maritime cocaine smuggling, and most shipments depart that country’s north coastline, which features three major seaports and countless debarkation ports for smaller craft. Approximately one-half of the cocaine exported by sea is concealed in commercial vessels, and a smaller percentage is shipped in private boats which are frequently outfitted with special compartments designed for drug storage. Small amounts of cocaine are also often shipped on with marijuana on non-commercial smuggling vessels.

Maritime trafficking routes have shifted significantly in the past five years, primarily in response to increased law enforcement surveillance. While a major portion of the maritime traffic formerly flowed directly into South Florida, traffickers now increasingly use the longer eastern routes through the Caribbean to the Mid-Atlantic and New England coasts, as well as direct routes to the U.S. west coast. These routes make smuggling more expensive for traffickers, since they require larger vessels, larger crews and more sophisticated electronic equipment.

Case Study: Devoe Airlines

Devoe Airlines was a scheduled commuter air service operating between Miami and smaller Florida cities during the early 1980’s. Owned by Miami pilot Jack Devoe, the business was essentially a front for a Colombian drug trafficking operation, which included regular large quantity marijuana and cocaine smuggling. In total, 8 to 10 contract pilots employed by Devoe were involved in over 100 trafficking flights over a five year period and carried roughly 7,000 pounds of cocaine from South America to the United States. Jack Devoe estimates that his flying organization grossed millions of dollars each month during peak smuggling periods.

Devoe’s trafficking pilots initially travelled non-stop routes between the United States and Colombia, but developed a transshipment point on Little Derby Island in the Bahamas for purposes of “security . . . [and] police protection” in the 1980’s. Devoe hired six to eight employees to work as needed at the island base to unload and repackage drug shipments. There was no interference from Bahamian law enforcement at the Little Darby base “as long as the payments [to officials] were on time.”

Typically operating mid-size turbo-prop aircraft, Devoe pilots departed for Colombia either from the base at Little Derby Island or from Florida airports. Their route took them through the Windward Passage generally to Colombian locations about 60 miles south of the equator. In the early stages of the operation, landings were made at official Colombian airports including the airfields at Santa Marta and Riohacha. In at least one instance, cocaine was openly loaded onto the smuggling aircraft at Riohacha airport. In the early 1980’s Devoe shifted landings to clandestine jungle airstrips maintained by the organization’s cocaine supplier, Pepe Cabrera. This system streamlined the trafficking process by eliminating transport of the cocaine to an airport. The cocaine shipment was loaded directly onto the aircraft near the strip, where the plane was simultaneously prepared for the return flight.

Generally, Devoe pilots returned to the United States within one day. Their preferred return route extended along the Colombia/Venezuela border, over Haiti, and to the Bahamian base on Little Derby Island. There, cocaine was sealed into the wing fuel tanks of a small aircraft and flown directly into South Florida for delivery to the cartel’s representative there.

The Devoe organization’s methods for avoiding interdiction between South America and the United States were relatively simple and typical of such smuggling operations. A Devoe pilot learned the frequencies of DEA surveillance aircraft on one occasion by “acting like a helicopter buff” inspecting a DEA Cobra pursuit helicopter parked near the Devoe hangar. Inside the helicopter the pilot copied the frequencies from a clipboard hanging on the instrument panel. As the pilot explained to the Commission:

By [subsequently] using our scanner and our knowledge of the frequencies in use, we could monitor the activities of DEA planes . . . we could learn not only the activities of the planes, but also go up and check the plane out. By learning what types of aircraft DEA was using we could plan our own strategy more effectively . . .

Devoe also regularly sent “cover-flight” aircraft ahead of the smuggling planes along the trafficking route to monitor DEA and Customs Service surveillance patrols by radio. These planes, which carried no drug cargo, were also used to decoy pursuit aircraft. Once in the United States, Devoe strategy for clearing Customs inspection was to:

“. . . act normally and file a flight plan, come in and land, and let them inspect the airplane . . . Customs inspectors were far less interested in a lengthy examination of my plane if I came in on a Sunday afternoon in the middle of the televised football game. If the Dolphins were playing, that was even better.”

Using these tactics, Devoe Airlines was able to complete over 100 trafficking flights from Colombia without interference from law enforcement authorities.

Case Study: Barry Seal

Adler Berriman Seal, a former TWA 747 captain, flew cocaine from Colombia to the United States for over seven years during the late 1970’s and early 1980’s. Seal was recruited as a trafficking pilot by a personal friend who worked for the Colombian cocaine trafficking organization headed by Jorge Ochoa, and eventually worked directly with that organization’s leadership.

Initially, Seal flew direct trafficking flights between Louisiana, and Colombia. He piloted a number of different smuggling aircraft, the largest of which was a Vietnam-vintage C-123 capable of holding tons of packaged cocaine. Seal always departed and returned to his Louisiana base at night to reduce chances of interdiction. His typical route took him over the Yucatan Peninsula (not over the more heavily patrolled Yucatan channel) and directly over Central America to the eastern tip of Honduras, then south to any one of a number of airstrips and airports in north central Colombia.

According to Seal, the Ochoa organization paid Colombian officials bribes of $10,000 to $25,000, per flight for a “window,” i.e., a specific time, position and altitude designated for the smuggling flight’s penetration of the Colombian air space. If this payment was not made, the aircraft was susceptible to interception by Colombian authorities. Seal generally arrived in Colombia at dawn. His aircraft was loaded with cocaine and refueled within an hour, sometimes within fifteen minutes; and he returned immediately to the United States.

Seal used two fairly simple techniques to avoid interdiction on his return trip to the United States: both were effective because of the heavy helicopter traffic running between the Gulf Coast States and the hundreds of oil rigs located off shore. First, when he reached the middle of the Gulf on his return trip, Seal slowed his aircraft to 110-120 knots and was thus perceived by monitoring radar as a helicopter, not a plane. Secondly, at a distance of about 50 miles off the United States coast, he dropped the aircraft to an altitude of 500-1000 feet in order to co-mingle with the helicopter traffic, and thereby arouse even less suspicion.

Once in United States airspace, Seal proceeded to prearranged points 40 to 50 miles inland. The points were mapped out in advance with Loran C, a long-range navigational instrument. Further inland, he was generally joined by a helicopter. The two aircraft proceeded to a drop zone, where the helicopter hovered close to the ground. Seal then dropped the load of cocaine from the airplane on a parachute; the helicopter picked up the load from the drop zone and delivered it to waiting automobiles, which eventually moved the cocaine to Miami. Seal proceeded to land his drug-free aircraft at any nearby airport.

Seal was well paid for his services. He claims his top fee for smuggling a kilogram of cocaine was $5,000; an average load was 300 kilograms. His most profitable single load netted him $1.5 million. He was never apprehended in connection with this operation.

Specialized Electronics: The Smuggler’s Edge

Like many trafficking pilots today, both Seal and Devoe relied on sophisticated electronic equipment to maintain and secure communications within their organization and to monitor law enforcement surveillance efforts. Most devices used, while expensive, are readily available in the United States, and trafficking organizations, of course, fund the purchase of any equipment that will facilitate their operations. Seal, for example, once spent over $200,000 cash on communication and surveillance equipment for the Ochoa cocaine trafficking organization here in the United States in a two-day period. Payments for this type of equipment are almost always made in cash – sometimes suitcases full of cash – and are rarely refused.

The communication devices most commonly used by traffickers include state of the art radio equipment, communication scramblers, pocket pagers and encrypting devices. The equipment is used to prevent law enforcement interception of communication between traffickers. A scrambler, for example, attaches to an ordinary radio, and “scrambles” the normal radio frequency with a number of different codes. Only someone with a receiver coded to the particular scrambler frequency can decipher the transmitted message; the transmission is unintelligible to all other receivers. Digital encryption devices are used to send messages in code, and are often secured so that they can be accessed only after a security number is punched directly into the device. The security feature allows only members of the trafficking organization, who know the access code, to send or decipher coded messages. The speed with which a digital message is transmitted precludes radio tracking, at least by traditional triangulation.

Among the other specialized devices used by traffickers to detect and avoid law enforcement surveillance are radar altimeters, beacon-interrogating digital radar, position tracking equipment and long-range navigation instruments. Latest generation night vision goggles are also frequently used by traffickers flying at low altitudes in darkness. The strap-on goggles intensify any available light by a factor of 50,000 and greatly reduce a smuggler’s risk of interdiction by allowing him to fly his aircraft without lights.

The Combined Effort

A number of independent Colombian trafficking organizations, among them the largest and most powerful operations, work in collaboration on individual smuggling ventures. As described by DEA special agent Michael Fredericks, the resulting organization is fluid:

There is a level of organization that may involve . . . a handful of people at the top. . . Below that level . . . there are many workers who move between one organization and another. . . It seems that in the Colombian organizations, a laboratory operator may work for 1 [specific] trafficker . . . and not even be aware of it simple because of the levels of insulation.

At the time of the preparation of this report, three men, Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria, Jorge Luis Ochoa Vasques, and Carlos Enrique Lehder-Rivas, were reported to control the most significant trafficking organizations in Colombia. Known as “Los Grandes Mafiosos” in the Colombian press, each directs a separate organization, but the organizations work in concert and exchange personnel and equipment in various instances to maximize efficiency and profit. The resulting cartel system affords these traffickers numerous advantages, among them control over the price and the quality of Colombian cocaine, greater access to smuggling and processing equipment, and a wide variety of methods by which to avoid law enforcement.

A chart detailing a temporary cooperative venture based in Medellin, Colombia, between the Pablo Escobar organization and the Jorge Ochoa organization was confiscated from a mid-level trafficker involved in the operation, and was provided to the Commission by the Drug Enforcement Administration (Figure 2). As diagrammed, the Escobar and Ochoa organizations combined and divided the trafficking responsibilities typically completed by a single organization. The same component parts – labor, processing, transportation, finance and enforcement – were carried over from the individual organizations, with the Escobar group taking responsibility for production activities, and the Ochoa group handling enforcement and finances.

Colombia Cracks Down

Through the 1970’s cocaine traffickers operated throughout Colombia with little interference, and in fact with considerable support from the Colombian government. The situation changed in April 1984 when drug traffickers assassinated Colombia’s Minister of Justice, Rodrigo Lara Bonilla. Lara’s assassination came two months after he authorized a raid on a major cocaine processing plant known as Tranquilandia in Southeastern Colombia’s Llanos region, which resulted in the destruction of over $1 billion worth of cocaine. Following Lara’s assassination, Colombian President Belisario Betancur Cuartas declared a “war without quarter” on all drug smugglers and signed extradition orders for a number of known major traffickers. President Betancur also shifted trafficking trials to Colombia’s military courts, increased eradication and interdiction efforts within his country, and increased regulation of those chemicals necessary for processing coca base into cocaine.

President Betancur’s actions have had important ramifications both for traffickers and for other South and Central American governments. When the intensified Colombian programs became effective, a number of major traffickers, among them Escobar, Lehder and Ochoa, went into hiding and moved their processing operations to neighboring countries. In 1984 processing laboratories as well as stockpiles of essential conversion chemicals were discovered and destroyed in Panama, Venezuela, Mexico and Canada. Evidence suggests that significant processing activity is now also taking place in Nicaragua and Brazil. The Colombian regulation of ether and other essential precursor chemicals has resulted in an increase in cocaine processing activity in the United States: 21 processing laboratories were discovered and destroyed in South Florida in 1984 as opposed to 11 in 1983.

In March 1985 despite his status as a fugitive, Carlos Lehder appeared on Colombian television, filmed live from a jungle clearing by a Spanish film crew. Lehder used the television opportunity, which he had arranged, to appeal to the Colombian revolutionary organizations to participate in the “cocaine bonanza . . . the arm of the struggle against America.” He also characterized cocaine as the “Achilles heel of American imperialism.” Lehder disappeared into the jungle after the interview and remains at large, presumably in the remote jungles of Colombia.

Heroin Trafficking

Traditional Organized Crime: La Cosa Nostra and the French Connection

Heroin trafficking in this country first became big business in the 1920’s, when organized criminals based in New York City’s Jewish community began to control the importation and distribution of the drug. By the late 1930’s, La Cosa Nostra joined the Jewish groups in the heroin enterprise, importing the drug from France, Asia and the Mideast. When these sources became inaccessible during World War II, Mexico became the major U.S. heroin supplier.

After the war, La Cosa Nostra took control of America’s heroin market, this time importing most of its drug supply from Italian refineries. When the Italian government banned the manufacture of heroin in the early 1950’s, La Cosa Nostra traffickers were forced to look to other sources. A new system was quickly devised, by which Turkish morphine base was refined to heroin in Marseilles, then shipped to Montreal or Sicily. Organized crime groups located in these transshipment points then sent the heroin directly to the United States. This arrangement, popularly known as the “French Connection,” allowed La Cosa Nostra to monopolize the heroin trade from the 1980’s through the early 1970’s. During the peak French Connection years, the LCN controlled an estimated 95 percent of all of the heroin entering New York City, as well as most of the heroin distributed throughout the United States.

The La Cosa Nostra heroin monopoly lasted until 1972, when under diplomatic pressure from the United States, Turkey banned opium production and the French Connection collapsed. Amsterdam replaced Marseilles as the center of European heroin traffic, and Chicago, Los Angeles and Miami joined New York City as major U.S. distribution centers. Other trafficking groups rose to compete with the LCN for heroin dollars in New York City and throughout the country.

Source Country Traffickers: Mexico

In the five years after the collapse of the French Connection, Mexico became the major source of U.S. heroin. Mexico’s rise was logical: the country contains extensive regions suitable for both opium cultivation and refining and shares a lightly guarded 2,000 mile border with the United States. Mexicans could manufacture heroin and smuggle it into the United States with little risk of detection. This simplified trafficking system resulted in increased Mexican heroin availability in the United States.

For generations, opium has been grown in remote areas of Mexico’s Sierra Madre Mountain states of Durango, Sinaloa and Chihuahua. Culiacan, on the western side of the Sierra Madre, and Durango to the east, developed in the 1970’s as major production centers for heroin destined for U.S. distribution. Trafficking organizations are now entrenched in these areas, and are involved in all phases of the heroin manufacture and distribution process. Opium gum is collected by peasants in isolated mountain areas and is transported by mule or carried by hand to nearby mountain villages. Typically, village middlemen sell the opium to a drug trafficking organization boss, who moves drugs to an organization-held laboratory for processing to heroin. Mexican couriers then transport the heroin to the members of the trafficking organization in the United States. The major Mexican heroin trafficking organizations supplying heroin to America are generally extended familial organizations, but loyal workers sometimes are given status as “quasi-family” members of the groups. The organizations work to eliminate competition and to control as completely as possible all aspects of the heroin trade. Members act as opium cultivators, village middlemen, and heroin brokers and distributors. In the United States, the organization typically controls distribution from the wholesaler to the retail distributor, but has little or no involvement in street distribution. This is seen as an unnecessarily risky and low-profit aspect of the business, and is left to outsiders.

Violence is an integral part of Mexican trafficking. Organization members provide cultivators with semi-automatic and automatic weapons to protect their crops; weapons are used throughout the trafficking system to eliminate informants, and to intimidate competitors and law enforcement officials. Corruption of Mexican police officials is well-documented and is essential to the smooth operation of the Mexican trafficking organizations.

In 1984, Mexican traffickers provided 32 percent share of the heroin consumed in the United States. The figure is expected to rise over the next several years due to the continued devaluation of the peso and improved agricultural technology.

Case Study: The Herrera Family

Since the early 1970’s the Jamie Herrera-Navarres organization has been a major heroin smuggling power operative between Mexico and the United States. The Herrera organization is a confederation of families related by blood and marriage, although some non-family members have been accepted into the group over time. Older family members process opium and morphine base, younger members handle the drug sales and shipments in Mexico and in the United States. The Herrera organization is now estimated to have 3,000 to 5,000 members, a significant portion of whom are naturalized American citizens and illegal aliens residing in this country.

Despite the 1978 conviction and incarceration of Jamie Herrera, and several key family members, the organization remains active. In July 1985, 135 persons in the United States, comprising eight separate Herrera-related distribution rings, were indicted in Chicago on drug trafficking charges. These Herrera groups allegedly trafficked heroin and marijuana from Mexico through El Paso to a middleman in Texas. From Texas, the drugs were shipped to Chicago, then distributed throughout the country. This Herrera enterprise, only a small fragment of the total organization, is estimated to have had gross annual profits of over $200 million. The arrests are expected to have a significant effect on the Herrera organization, if only on a temporary basis.

Source Country Traffickers: Southeast Asia

Mexican heroin production decreased in the late 1970’s due to enforcement, eradication and poor weather conditions. By 1980, Mexico provided only 25 percent of the heroin consumed in the United Stated, down from a peak level of 80 percent in 1975. At the same time, heroin production in Southeast Asia accelerated dramatically. By 1976, the “Golden Triangle” of Burma, Thailand and Laos supplied more than a third of the heroin consumed in the United States; Mexico supplied the remainder. Golden Triangle heroin first gained popularity with American servicemen stationed in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War because it was readily available, inexpensive, and considerably more pure than Mexican heroin. After the war, Golden Triangle heroin was exported to the United States in increasing amounts.

Nearly 90 percent of the Golden Triangle opium is currently produced in Burma. Two-thirds of this crop is produced in the northeast area of the country, where control is shared by the Burmese Communist Party (BCP) and the Shan United Army (SUA). Both groups were at one time political insurgent organizations but are now almost entirely devoted to obtaining profit for the production, smuggling and sale of heroin base. They derive considerable income from “taxes” and fees they levy on opium growers and heroin producers and traffickers. This income is used to purchase weapons, to be utilized not in furtherance of political goals, but for protection of each group’s narcotics enterprise. Traditionally, the two groups have coexisted peacefully: the BCP has acted as the major opium supplier in Southeast Asia and the SUA has been the area’s major refiner and trafficker. The BCP has recently become involved in refining and distribution activities, and the organizations are currently in conflict.

Opium and morphine base produced in northeastern Burma transported by horse and donkey caravans to refineries along the Thailand-Burma border for conversion to heroin and heroin base. Most of the finished products are shipped across the border into various towns in North Thailand and down to Bangkok for further distribution to international markets. In the past major ethnic Chinese traffickers in Bangkok have controlled much of the foreign sales and movement of Southeast Asian heroin from Thailand, but a combination of law enforcement pressure, publicity and a regional drought has significantly reduced their role. As a consequence, many less-predominant traffickers in Bangkok and other parts of Thailand now control smaller quantities of the heroin going to international markets.

Although Thailand is the primary transit center for Southeast Asian heroin destined for international markets, alternate trafficking routes are increasingly utilized as a result of Thailand’s sustained enforcement actions. Some opium, morphine base, and heroin base are moved South through Burma to southern Thailand and Malaysia for conversion to heroin in laboratories along the Thailand/Malaysia border. Refined heroin is also trafficked from Burma to India, then to the West.

Heroin from Southeast Asia is most frequently brought to the United States by couriers, typically Thai and U.S. nationals and Hong Kong Chinese, traveling on commercial airlines. California and Hawaii are the primary U.S. entry points for Golden Triangle heroin, but small percentages of the drug are trafficked into New York City and Washington D.C. While Southeast Asian groups have had success in trafficking heroin to the United States, they initially had difficulty arranging street level distribution. However, with the incarceration of Asian traffickers in American prisons during the 1970’s, contacts between Asian and American prisoners developed. These contacts have allowed Southeast Asian traffickers access to individuals and organizations distributing heroin at the retail level.

Chinese organized crime groups, known as Triads, located primarily in Hong Kong, and their U.S. counterparts, Tongs, are positioned to participate in Southeast Asian heroin traffic, but the extent of their activity in these enterprises is not known at the present time. These organizations provide Asians direct access to criminal groups in the United States, and could potentially assume a significant role in U.S. heroin trafficking activities. Currently, there are major Triad organizations in New York, Los Angeles, Seattle, San Francisco, and Toronto.

Source Country Traffickers: Southwest Asia

Opium production in Southeast Asia was significantly reduced in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s due to a prolonged drought. This decrease, along with the unstable political climate in the region caused by the fall of the ruling governments in South Vietnam and Laos, resulted in a reduction of Southeast Asian heroin exports to the United States. During this period, opium production in the Golden Crescent area of Southwest Asia, comprising the common border regions of Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran, markedly increased. In 1979 the Golden Crescent became the primary U.S. heroin source. Southwest Asia continues to be this country’s major supplier: over one-half of the heroin entering the United States in 1984 originated as opium in the Golden Crescent.

The surge in Golden Crescent heroin exports to the United States can be attributed to a number of factors. Opium has always been grown in the region, but traditionally, opium grown in Afghanistan and Pakistan was shipped directly to Iran to supply that country’s one million opium addicts. The situation changed dramatically after the 1980 fundamentalist revolution in Iran, as political and social instability allowed greatly increased domestic opium production and curtailed the demand for opium from Pakistan and Afghanistan. The Iranian market was further closed to outsiders by the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, which blocked several of the traditional smuggling routes into Iran.

Concurrent with the reduction in Iranian demand for non-domestic opium, growers in Afghanistan and Pakistan harvested record crops. The opium crop in Pakistan alone increased by 400 percent between 1974-1979, from 200 to 800 metric tons. Consequently Pakistani and Afghan traffickers learned to refine their opium into heroin, and sought new markets for their product, mainly in Western Europe and the and the United States.

Southwest Asian opium is grown in remote mountain areas and generally is transported to crude laboratories in the Pakistan/Afghanistan border areas. Most of the refineries are located in Pakistan’s Northwest Frontier Province or Afghanistan’s Nangarhai Province; many are clustered in the area of the Khyber Pass. Refined heroin leaves Pakistan via several routes: through Baluchistan to Iran and beyond; by sea through Karachi to Bombay and on to the Arabian Gulf States or Europe; overland through the Lahore area enroute to transit points in India; or by air through Islamabad or Karachi.

Southwest Asian heroin is typically smuggled into the United States concealed in legitimate shipments of air and sea cargo, such as textiles or sports equipment manufactured by Pakistani companies, or it is carried by air couriers. Couriers generally travel on commercial carriers, and many have connections with airline crews and station managers. The international postal system is also commonly used to ship heroin from Pakistan directly to the United States in sealed newspapers and periodicals.

Golden Crescent heroin is trafficked into the United States by a variety of narcotics organizations. The following is an overview of some of the more significant groups involved in the Southwest Asian heroin trade.

Pakistani Traffickers

Pakistani nationals are responsible for trafficking a significant percentage of Golden Crescent heroin in the United States, especially in the Northeast. The Pakistanis do not have a sophisticated retail sales network in the United States and typically rely on family or Pakistani friends in this country to distribute drugs. They also have relied on black trafficking organizations in Los Angeles, Detroit and New York, and with Italian organized crime in New York City. One Pakistani distribution system was described in testimony before this Commission by a Pakistani national who was incarcerated for his involvement in a distribution network. The Commission witness has relatives living both in Lahore, Pakistan, and in the United States; he was a resident of Houston, Texas and was employed as an engineer while involved in heroin trafficking. In the heroin operation, a family member in Lahore sent couriers to JFK airport in New York with heroin concealed in false-bottom luggage. From JFK, the couriers traveled “in transit” to La Guardia, then on to Toronto. Because of their “in transit” status, Customs Service officials did not search the travelers in the United States, and Canadian Customs inspection was not difficult to clear.

In Canada, traffickers often held a particular heroin shipment for three to six months, until appropriate distribution contacts were established and it was certain that law enforcement officials were not aware of the shipment. At that time, distribution contacts traveled by automobile to Toronto, picked up a portion or all of the heroin shipment, and drove the heroin into the United States without Customs interdiction. This particular network supplied heroin to Seattle, Houston, San Francisco, New York and Las Vegas. The contacts were all related by blood or marriage.

Pakistanis also rely on the international postal system to move drugs from Southwest Asia to the United States. In July 1983, for example, U.S. Customs officials at JFK Airport seized one kilogram of heroin concealed in rolled newspapers destined for Pakistani nationals residing in New York. The package had been sent from the United Arab Emirates. Two other packages, each containing one-half kilogram of heroin, were mailed to Berkeley, California from the same source. Rolled newspapers and magazines can conceal up to one kilogram of heroin and are generally sealed in plastic. Drugs are also sent through the mail concealed in shipments of textiles, clothing and other durable goods.

Lebanese Traffickers

A portion of Golden Crescent heroin passes through Lebanon en route to the United States, thus affording Lebanese nationals an opportunity to become involved in the trafficking activity. A significant percentage of the heroin exported from Lebanon leaves via Damascus International Airport.

In the United States, trafficking by Lebanese nationals is especially prevalent in the Northeast. In one network, non-Lebanese couriers primarily from Canada traveled to Damascus and Beirut to pick up heroin which they then transported to Houston, Detroit and New York via commercial carrier. Heroin was concealed in false-bottom luggage and inside photo albums. The heroin was transferred to Lebanese nationals living in Toronto and Ontario, Canada, and in various cities in the United States. Some of the money generated from the sale of this heroin was laundered in banks in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

India

A proportion of the heroin traditionally distributed abroad through the Pakistan cities of Karachi, Peshawar and Quetta is now being shipped through Bombay and New Dehli. Traffickers smuggle Southwest Asian heroin into India along the Indo-Pakistan border and transport it overland to the Indian cities; Southeast Asian heroin is brought into Bombay and Calcutta by sea and overland routes. Bombay, Calcutta and New Dehli are now major staging, shipping and trafficking centers for heroin smuggled to the West. Trafficking activity is frequent at Perlane Airport in Dehli and at Bombay’s Sahar International Airport, and Indian harbors and airports are used by Pakistani, Afghan and Indian traffickers as points of embarkation to Western destinations.

West Africa.

In the past three years, West African countries, especially Nigeria, have been documented as transshipments centers for Golden Crescent heroin. Nigerian couriers based in Lagos travel to Pakistan to obtain heroin, then continue on commercial flights to their final destinations, or return to Nigeria to repackage the narcotics into smaller amounts for smuggling to the West.

A number of loosely associated Nigerian heroin trafficking organizations have connections both with suppliers in Pakistan and with retailers in Western Europe and the United States. Typically, Nigerian couriers travel directly to Karachi on commercial aircraft and purchase heroin in that city, but some couriers continue to Peshawar to make their purchases. Couriers return to Nigeria transiting other countries in Africa and Europe. A different group of couriers, usually students or poor residents of Lagos, traffic the drugs to Europe or the United States.

Couriers typically enter the United States directly through JFK airport in New York although in some cases, they come to this country via cities in Europe and Canada. Drugs are concealed in body cavities, and in false-bottom suitcases.

After the heroin arrives in the United States, it is sold only to one or two American distributors in a given area. Distribution networks are most active in New York City and Washington, D.C. and are operative in Los Angeles, Houston and Boston. DEA reports that individuals in nearly every community of Nigerian nationals in the United States has some link to heroin traffickers and couriers. Profits from heroin sales are laundered through banks in the United States in Britain.

The Post-French Connection LCN

Traditional organized crime continues to play a significant role in this country’s heroin trade through the 1980’s. The LCN’s long established connections with criminal organizations in Sicily facilitate the movement of heroin from Europe to the United States, and while Sicily is no longer a major refinery for heroin, the country is a major transshipment center for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin. Sicilian organizations supply LCN affiliates with heroin; LCN networks either distribute the drug themselves or sell it in large quantities to major distributors.

The LCN As A Supplier: The Nicky Barnes Operation

Black criminal groups have controlled some percentage of heroin traffic in New York City since the 1940’s. Their influence increased significantly in the early 1970’s, after the French Connection. The first major independent black trafficking organization, a group of over one hundred distributors and couriers, was headed by Charles Green. The Green organization imported heroin and cocaine from South America and distributed the drugs throughout New York City during the late 1960’s. Green was arrested in 1970, control of this heroin network passed to Frank Matthews. Matthews was brought in to the heroin business by Louis Cirillo, a major LCN associate, and was continually supplied with LCN heroin.

Leroy “Nicky” Barnes succeeded Matthews in 1971. Under his leadership, the organization controlled heroin sales and manufacture throughout New York State into Canada and Pennsylvania. The Barnes operation was well-organized and lucrative. By 1976, Barnes had at least seven major lieutenants under his direction; each of them controlled a dozen mid-level distributors, who in turn supplied up to forty street-level retailers. Barnes at all times remained well insulated from the daily trafficking activities, and maintained a wealthy lifestyle. He owned five homes, a Mercedes, a Maserati, several Lincolns, Cadillacs and Thunderbirds, and hundreds of suits and coats. He estimates that his total trafficking income was at least several million dollars.

Barnes joined with six other major New York dealers to form a heroin cartel called the “Council” in the mid 1970’s. Members of the Council pooled funds to purchase multi-kilo amounts of heroin, worked to ensure a consistent supply of the drug in their distribution area, combined their “cutting” and distribution networks in certain cases, and often used a common sources for diluents, weapons, automobiles and other resources. The Council had specific “departments” which arranged legal services, security and enforcement, and financial services including money laundering.

Barnes’ most significant source of heroin, to whom he directed other Council members, was LCN associate “Natty” Madonna. Despite Barnes’ assertion and belief that the Council worked completely independently of the Mafia, through the Madonna connection, LCN heroin was prevalent in Harlem traffic from 1972 to 1976.

The Asian-LCN Links

La Cosa Nostra actively seeks out Asian nationals as connections to heroin sources in Southeast Asia. In testimony before the President’s Commission on organized crime, Franklin Liu, a veteran Hong Kong clothier, explained how he was recruited as a courier for a New York La Cosa Nostra family involved in heroin trafficking. Liu, who held a legitimate four year business visa which allowed him to travel without restriction, was first contacted by Antonio Turano, a reputed member of the Sicilian Mafia, in connection with Turano’s money laundering operations. In one instance, Turano brought Liu a suitcase filled with $400,000 cash, and requested that Liu wire the money to a bank in Zurich. Turano met with Liu in Milan in the course of the operation to make certain that the money had been wired without incident.

At a later date, after Liu had successfully participated in a number of money laundering operations, Turano asked Liu if he had any connections to drug traffickers in the Far East; Liu did not. Turano arranged a connection, and agreed to pay Liu $5,000 for every kilo of heroin he trafficked into the United States. Liu was subsequently contacted by Turano’s agent, a Thai woman, and arranged to meet her at a hotel in New York City. When they met, each held half of a one dollar bill given to them by Turano as identification. Liu gave the woman his car keys; the next day she returned the car with heroin in the trunk and requested a payment of $40,000 in cash and a $60,000 bank check. When Liu went to collect the money from Turano, he found that Turano had been arrested. Liu was subsequently arrested and convicted on charges of conspiracy to import heroin in connection with this case.

The Pizza Connection

During the late 1970’s and early 1980’s members of La Cosa Nostra in the United States allegedly cooperated with the Sicilian Mafia in a drug trafficking conspiracy which resulted in the importation of heroin worth over $1.6 billion into the United States. In April, 1984, 38 individuals were indicted on charges related to the trafficking operation, popularly known as the “Pizza Connection.” The network that developed to facilitate the traffic in this enterprise was reputedly one of the largest heroin importation operations in history, and used pizza parlors throughout this country to distribute heroin smuggled from Southeast and Southwest Asia via Sicily to the United States. Additional heroin that was trafficked through this system was produced in laboratories operating in Sicily.

According to the indictment in the case, the “Pizza Connection” heroin network relied upon a faction of the New York Bonanno organized crime family headed by Salvatore Catalano to distribute the heroin in this country. In turn, the heroin business of this Bonanno crime faction was tied directly to organized criminal groups in Sicily, the rest of Italy, Switzerland, Spain, and Brazil. Direct evidence of the existence of the network was first obtained in 1980 when couriers were observed transferring enormous amounts of cash through investment houses and banks in New York city to Italy and Switzerland. Tens of millions of dollars derived from heroin sales in this country were transferred overseas in this fashion, apparently in violation of the Bank Secrecy Act.

Investigations related to the “Pizza Connection” case have revealed that factions of the Sicilian Mafia operate in the United States independently of the American La Cosa Nostra. While the two groups apparently cooperate on certain ventures such as the “Pizza Connection” heroin importation operations, they appear to be distinct and separate organizations under different leadership.

Singapore 911 : Exposed :

Is in Singapore ?

“Despite all XX scandals are going on in XX, father of main culprit XX and wife XX were in Singapore. They left country from XX th June, 2008 by XX and purpose of visit XX. Probably collecting all XX related XX from all sources”.

ငသန္းေ ရႊက ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ၾကီး ေမာင္ေအးကို ဖမ္းလိုက္ျပီဆိုတဲ့သတင္းထြက္ေပၚလ်က္ရိွ

ဇြန္ ၁၅ ( ေနျပည္ေတာ္)ငသန္းေရႊ က ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ၾကီးေမာင္ေအးကိုလက္ဦးမႈယူျပီးဖမ္းဆီးလို္္က္တယ္ဆိုတဲ့သတင္း က ဒီေန ့မနက္မွာ ေနျပည္ေတာ္တြင္ထြက္ေပၚလ်က္ရိွပါတယ္။ ဒီသတင္းကို ဆက္လည္အတည္ျပဳနိင္ဖို ့အတြက္ မိမိတို ့ကြန္ယက္မ်ားမွ ထပ္မံစံုစမ္းေစလိုပါတယ္။ နဂ်စ္မုန္တိုင္းေၾကာင့္ဒုကၡေရာက္ျပည္သူမ်ားကို ကယ္တင္ေရးႏွင့္ပတ္သက္ျပီး စစ္တပ္ထိပ္ပိုင္းေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားအတြင္းသေဘာထားကြဲလြဲမႈမ်ားရိွေနျခင္း။ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ၾကီးရဲျမင့္သားႏွင့္အေပါင္းပါမ်ားကိုမႈးယစ္ေဆး၀ါးမႈ ႏွင့္ ဖမ္းဆီးခဲ့ျခင္းမ်ားဟာစစ္တပ္ထိပ္ပိုင္းေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားအတြင္းအကြဲျပဲမ်ားကို ပံုသ႑န္တမ်ိဳးႏွင့္ေဖၚျပေနျခင္းျဖစ္တယ္လို ့ ေနျပည္ေတာ္သတင္းရပ္ကြက္သံုးသပ္လ်က္ရိွပ

Film actress XX a close friend of XX topped the wanted list of the XX for her alleged involvement in the XX _  _ of XX son.

KYB-1 : 417

LONDON BRIDGE IS FALLING DOWN : Tips Solve Problem

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URGENT : Cancel Rally Oil KL

KYB -1

July 4, 2008

Philippine : Message : Marcos, Martial Law : Yellow Cake Ten Cents Coconut Tree

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“Those who do not learn from history, are bound to suffer the same injustice..”

What Martial Law was like

In 1972 Ferdinand Marcos declared Martial Law with Proclamation 1081. He did it, he said, to save the Republic and to create what he called a “New Society.” A whole generation of Filipinos now exists which only has the faintest recollection — if at all — of the Marcos dictatorship. Kids, this is what you missed. Perhaps it’s what you should pass on when you have kids of your own.

The lies. The biggest lie — the mother lie — was that Martial Law was imposed for the good of the people. It was not. It was imposed for the good of the Marcoses and their cronies, to keep them in wealth and unassailable power forever and ever amen.

Marcos was a congenital liar: he lied about the state of emergency. He lied about his ill-gotten wealth (”what ill-gotten wealth?”, he would ask amusedly.”Tell you what, if you can find it we’ll split it”. Shows how reliable his word was). He lied about his war medals (almost all of them were fake), he lied about his father’s wartime heroics (it turned out Marcos Sr was a collaborator executed by the guerrillas), he lied about his health. He lied about holding free elections and dismantling Martial Law. He lied and lied and lied. This was the man Joseph Estrada wanted to give a hero’s burial.

The fear. Anybody could be picked up at anytime for any reason by the military or the police. You could wind up a detainee, or you could just vanish, a “salvage” victim.

If you protested against the government, you were labeled a “subversive” or a “communist” or both and you were summarily arrested. People the government didn’t like were tailed by security elements, their telephones tapped. A student who spoke up to Imee Marcos was murdered. No two words were more invoked and abused for the purposes of oppression than “national security.” People were afraid to speak out. Marcos logic being what it was, the silence meant the people were happy.
The injustice. Only Marcos and his cronies, who plundered the economy, were protected by the law. Nobody else was. Arbitrary arrest, detention, salvaging and torture were the standard. The Defense Minister — a man named Juan Ponce Enrile — said in 1982: “We presume that priests and nuns charged with subversive activities are guilty until the courts decide whether they are guilty or not.” On one occasion the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, someone named Enrique Fernando, servilely held an umbrella over Imelda Marcos’ head.
The censorship. It was only when rebel soldiers finally seized a TV station in the EDSA uprising that people saw in their sets just how big the crowds were. Up until then the media were strictly controlled. Journalists who wrote against the regime — most of them were women — were routinely “invited” for questioning by the military. There was no transparency whatever. There were only three national broadsheets, the Times Journal, the Daily Express and the Bulletin Today, all of them offering the same pro-administration pap. The chief Marcos mouthpiece was a columnist named Teodoro Valencia. He died in 1986 and is now considered the “dean” of Philippine journalism. In 1983, when Ninoy Aquino was buried, at least one million people accompanied the funeral cortege as it wound its way through Manila. The next day, the Bulletin scarcely mentioned the story, instead playing up a story about a man struck and killed by lightning at the Luneta Park.(Recently, Joseph Estrada extolled the Bulletin as his idea of a good newspaper).

The poverty. Poverty increased from 24% in 1974 to 40% in 1980 and why not? Imelda Marcos was using the Philippine National Bank as her private piggy bank. One of her ideas of dealing with the poor was to put up whitewashed walls around the squatter areas in Manila. The walls are still there.

The corruption. There were suspicions about the Marcoses dipping into the public till. After EDSA, dazed investigators realized that the truth far outstripped the suspicions. The Marcoses had been screwing the public even before Martial Law. As early as 1968 Ferdinand and Imelda had already salted away more than $900,000 in Zurich accounts under the names “William Saunders” and “Jane Ryan.” It was the initial deposit in what would turn out to be a mountain of loot. After having tracked down Marcos accounts and properties all over the world, investigators still aren’t sure that they’ve found all the ill-gotten wealth.

The US support for the regime.

The US loved their bases in the Philippines and put up with Marcos as long as they could. When George Bush, who was US vice-president then, visited Manila for a sham inauguration of Marcos, he proposed a toast to the dictator, saying “we love your adherence to democratic principles and to the democratic process.”
Imelda Marcos speeches. They were terrible and they dragged on interminably. Among the things she said publicly: The Philippines is the center of the world, because that’s the way it looks in a map. There’s a cosmic hole in the Universe which shines radiation in the Philippines which Filipinos can tap to deflect intercontinental ballistic missiles. Her audience would applaud frantically. Cowards cheering a loony.
The arrogance of those in power. It was called a “smiling dictatorship” but the only one who was smiling was the dictator. Actually, his friends and family were also happy. When his cronies got into business trouble they were bailed out with taxpayers’ money. No investigations into cartels and monopolies were allowed. Marcos “lifted” Martial Law in 1981 but continued to rule by decree. Later it was discovered he had signed dozens and dozens of secret decrees which he intended to flash at the appropriate occasions. During the 1986 snap election when an opposition official said that there had been cheating an election commissioner — his name was Jaime Opinion — sneered at him on TV and snapped, “that’s a lie!” repeatedly. After EDSA Opinion went into hiding. When EDSA was in full swing, a rebel helicopter attacked the Palace with rockets. Marcos went on air and said “my family cowers in the Palace.” He didn’t get any outpouring of sympathy.

REFERENCES:

http://www.hotmanila.ph/file1081/1081.htm
http://www.bulatlat.com/news/3-32/3-32-torturers.html
http://www.filipinolinks.com/History/The_Marcos_Years/index.html
About the infamous Golden Buddha:
http://www.state.hi.us/jud/20606.htm
http://www.wardjones.com/pr1.htm
http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/?page=news05_jan28_2006
http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE2D6173AF933A05757C0A967958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all
+9 : hotmanila.ph.

MYANMAR 911 : EXPOSED : JULY 4 USA : London Stinks : ANWAR – PAK LAH

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http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/JF20Ae01.html

..The New Light of Myanmar carried a scathing editorial on June 13 that many observers believe targeted the US, claiming, “The goodwill of a big Western nation that wants to help Myanmar with its warships was not genuine.” Myanmar’s state media had voiced fears in the past that the US could use humanitarian assistance as a pretense to invade the country George W Bush administration officials have frequently referred to as an “outpost of tyranny” due to the junta’s abysmal rights record..

The same critics say that “ASEAN” is also allowing itself to be used by the junta

for its own cynical political purposes. Rather than leveraging its influence on Myanmar to respond more humanely to the crisis, the regional grouping has functioned more as a pressure valve for the junta to escape international condemnation..

KYB+0

in dedication to 417

AMNESTY 911 STOPS SOCIAL CONFLICT REGION

WE HAVE THE PROOF

  • STOP HEAD JUNTA : TORTURING : PRESSURING : ARE TWO DIFFERENT CASES !!!

  • PROVE TO THIS PEOPLE FIRST ANWAR, BEFORE YOU PROMISE OTHER MALAYSIAN.

  • PROVE YOUR CREDIBILITY MR COOL PAK LAH, BEFORE YOU STEP DOWN.

EXPOSED !!! BYE BYE JUNTA : LONDON STINKS : 20.08.2008

//links received.

Malaysia Oil Rally Demo : AVOID NAJAT : London News

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Source BBCNews : Page last updated at 17:54 GMT, Thursday, 3 July 2008 18:54 UK
Stephen Swallow before and after the attack

Mr Swallow : a plank of wood, then punched and kicked about the head.

KYB+4

Iraq Stays, Iran to War, USA campaigns towards Myanmar, Nusantara Continues

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The Democratic presidential candidate, Barack Obama, speaks about his Iraq policy at a news conference in Fargo, North Dakota on Thursday. (Jae C. Hong/The Associated Press)

Obama remarks on Iraq

Senator Barack Obama said Thursday..”Let me be as clear as I can be,” he said. “I intend to end this war. My first day in office I will bring the Joint Chiefs of Staff in, and I will give them a new mission, and that is to end this war — responsibly, deliberately, but decisively. And I have seen no information that contradicts the notion (that we can bring our troops) out safely at (a pace of one to two brigades) a month, and, again, (that pace translates into) (having our combat troops) out in 16 months’ time.”..Ref : Michael Cooper Jeff Zeleny July 4 2008.AP.

Ko Yem Binjai : Means they, the USA WILL NOT get out of Iraq. Now, the question is Why? So, You may Answer.

ON IRAQ : SECRET DEAL DETAILS

Global Research, June 5, 2008; The Independent (UK)

Bush wants 50 military bases, control of Iraqi airspace and legal immunity for all American soldiers and contractors.

A secret deal being negotiated in Baghdad would perpetuate the American military occupation of Iraq indefinitely, regardless of the outcome of the US presidential election in November.

The terms of the impending deal, details of which have been leaked to The Independent, are likely to have an explosive political effect in Iraq. Iraqi officials fear that the accord, under which US troops would occupy permanent bases, conduct military operations, arrest Iraqis and enjoy immunity from Iraqi law, will destabilise Iraq’s position in the Middle East and lay the basis for unending conflict in their country.

But the accord also threatens to provoke a political crisis in the US. President Bush wants to push it through by the end of next month so he can declare a military victory and claim his 2003 invasion has been vindicated. But by perpetuating the US presence in Iraq, the long-term settlement would undercut pledges by the Democratic presidential nominee, Barack Obama, to withdraw US troops if he is elected president in November.

The timing of the agreement would also boost the Republican candidate, John McCain, who has claimed the United States is on the verge of victory in Iraq – a victory that he says Mr Obama would throw away by a premature military withdrawal.

America currently has 151,000 troops in Iraq and, even after projected withdrawals next month, troop levels will stand at more than 142,000 – 10 000 more than when the military “surge” began in January 2007. Under the terms of the new treaty, the Americans would retain the long-term use of more than 50 bases in Iraq. American negotiators are also demanding immunity from Iraqi law for US troops and contractors, and a free hand to carry out arrests and conduct military activities in Iraq without consulting the Baghdad government.

The precise nature of the American demands has been kept secret until now. The leaks are certain to generate an angry backlash in Iraq. “It is a terrible breach of our sovereignty,” said one Iraqi politician, adding that if the security deal was signed it would delegitimise the government in Baghdad which will be seen as an American pawn.

The US has repeatedly denied it wants permanent bases in Iraq but one Iraqi source said: “This is just a tactical subterfuge.” Washington also wants control of Iraqi airspace below 29,000ft and the right to pursue its “war on terror” in Iraq, giving it the authority to arrest anybody it wants and to launch military campaigns without consultation.

Mr Bush is determined to force the Iraqi government to sign the so-called “strategic alliance” without modifications, by the end of next month. But it is already being condemned by the Iranians and many Arabs as a continuing American attempt to dominate the region. Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, the powerful and usually moderate Iranian leader, said yesterday that such a deal would create “a permanent occupation”. He added: “The essence of this agreement is to turn the Iraqis into slaves of the Americans.”

Iraq’s Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, is believed to be personally opposed to the terms of the new pact but feels his coalition government cannot stay in power without US backing.

The deal also risks exacerbating the proxy war being fought between Iran and the United States over who should be more influential in Iraq.

Although Iraqi ministers have said they will reject any agreement limiting Iraqi sovereignty, political observers in Baghdad suspect they will sign in the end and simply want to establish their credentials as defenders of Iraqi independence by a show of defiance now. The one Iraqi with the authority to stop deal is the majority Shia spiritual leader, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. In 2003, he forced the US to agree to a referendum on the new Iraqi constitution and the election of a parliament. But he is said to believe that loss of US support would drastically weaken the Iraqi Shia, who won a majority in parliament in elections in 2005.

The US is adamantly against the new security agreement being put to a referendum in Iraq, suspecting that it would be voted down. The influential Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has called on his followers to demonstrate every Friday against the impending agreement on the grounds that it compromises Iraqi independence.

The Iraqi government wants to delay the actual signing of the agreement but the office of Vice-President Dick Cheney has been trying to force it through. The US ambassador in Baghdad, Ryan Crocker, has spent weeks trying to secure the accord.

The signature of a security agreement, and a parallel deal providing a legal basis for keeping US troops in Iraq, is unlikely to be accepted by most Iraqis. But the Kurds, who make up a fifth of the population, will probably favour a continuing American presence, as will Sunni Arab political leaders who want US forces to dilute the power of the Shia. The Sunni Arab community, which has broadly supported a guerrilla war against US occupation, is likely to be split.

© Copyright Patrick Cockburn, The Independent (UK), 2008The url address of this article is: www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=9204
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